Skip to main content
Public Health

Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) aspects for investigational medicinal products

The country fiches below provide an overview of national regulatory requirements (EU countries and Norway) for medicinal products containing GMOs.

In the country sheets, the term "contained use" is used to refer to Directive 2009/41/EC (as implemented in the relevant country), while the term "deliberate release" is used to refer to Directive 2001/18/EC (as implemented in the relevant country).

Please note that the European Commission is not responsible for the accuracy of information displayed in the country sheets. Developers of medicinal products that contain or consist of GMOs, are reminded that the information contained in the country sheets has no legal value and that the relevant competent authorities should be contacted for additional information below.

Overview of national requirements:

AustriaItaly
BelgiumLatvia
BulgariaLithuania
CroatiaLuxembourg
CyprusMalta
CzechiaNetherlands
DenmarkPoland
EstoniaPortugal
FinlandRomania
FranceSlovakia
GermanySlovenia
GreeceSpain
HungarySweden
Ireland 

EEA countries

Norway 

Other countries

United Kingdom