Tobacco advertising increases consumption in several ways, most importantly by encouraging children or young adults to start smoking. It also stimulates smokers to increase consumption, reduces smokers’ motivation to quit, urges former smokers to resume and creates an environment in which tobacco use is seen as acceptable. At the same time,the warnings about their health are undermined.
Tobacco advertising and sponsorship is restricted in the EU by the:
- Tobacco Advertising Directive (2003/33/EC)
- Audio-visual Media Services Directive (2010/13/EU)
- Council Recommendation (2003/54/EC) on the prevention of smoking and on initiatives to improve tobacco control
The Tobacco Advertising Directive (2003/33/EC) introduces an EU wide ban on cross-border tobacco advertising and sponsorship in the media other than television. The ban covers print media, radio, internet and sponsorship of events involving several EU countries, such as the Olympic Games and Formula One races. Free distribution of tobacco is banned in such events. The ban covers advertising and sponsorship with the aim of direct or indirect effect of promoting a tobacco product.
Tobacco advertising and sponsorship on television was prohibited in 1989 by the Television without Frontiers Directive (89/552/EEC). This Directive is now replaced by the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (2010/13/EU) which extends the application of this ban to all forms of audiovisual commercial communications, including product placement.
More information on the Directive can be found here.
In May 2008, the Commission published a Report on the implementation of the Tobacco Advertising Directive.
The Council Recommendation (2003/54/EC) on the Prevention of Smoking and on Initiatives to improve tobacco control covers other forms of tobacco promotion. It recommends EU countries to prohibit the use of tobacco brand names on non-tobacco products or services, specifically;
- use of promotional items and tobacco samples
- use and communication of sales promotion (i.e. discount,gift, premium oropportunity to participate in a promotional contest or game)
- use of billboards, posters and other indoor or outdoor advertising techniques (i.e. advertising on tobacco vending machines)
- use of advertising in cinemas and any other forms of advertising, sponsorship or practices directly or indirectly addressed to promote tobacco products
At international level Article 13 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) lays down the obligations of the Parties to ban or restrict tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. In July 2007 the Conference of the Parties under this Convention decided to establish a working group whose task is to develop comprehensive draft guidelines on the implementation of Article 13 of the Convention. In addition, the working group presents recommendations on key elements of a protocol on cross-border advertising, promotion and sponsorship, which would be complementary to these guidelines.
- Commission takes action against Member States breaking the tobacco sponsorship ban
- Tobacco advertising: European Commission takes action against four non-compliant Member States
- Commission refers Germany to the European Court of Justice on tobacco advertising
- Tobacco advertising: European Commission takes action against two non-compliant EU Member States
- Summary of the Judgement - Case C-380/03 - Federal Republic of Germany v European Parliament and Council of the European Union (Action for annulment – Approximation of laws – Directive 2003/33/EC – Advertising and sponsorship in respect of tobacco products – Annulment of Articles 3 and 4 – Choice of legal basis – Principle of proportionality)
- WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control